Martin, R. C. (2018). Anger in the classroom: How a supposedly negative emotion can enhance learning. In H.L. Schwartz & J. Snyder-Duch (Eds.), Teaching and Emotion: New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 153, 37-44.
This chapter describes some of the common reasons why teachers become angry (e.g., students failing to follow directions, students being disrespectful) and outlines different approaches to using that anger in a productive way.
Weinschenk, Aaron, Costas Panagopoulos, Karly Drabot, and Sander van der Linden. Forthcoming. “Gender and Social Conformity: Do Men and Women Respond Differently to Social Pressure to Vote?” Social Influence.
We re-analyzed data from a large-scale field experiment (N=344,084) on voter turnout in order to determine whether men and women respond differently to social pressure aimed at voter mobilization. On the whole, our analyses confirm prior findings that social pressure increases voter turnout but uncover little to no evidence of gender differences in receptivity to social pressure cues in the context of political participation.
A description of why people get angry online, how they express it, and what social media managers can do to address it.
Martin, R. C. (2017). Dealing with anger online: Strategies for social media managers. In P.G. Clampitt (Ed.), Social Media Strategy: Tools for Professionals and Organizations. Los Angeles: Sage.
In this article, we argue that a growing body of evidence from developmental neuroscience suggests the role of basic processes, namely attention and approach/avoidance build to form more complex social abilities, like morality.
Cowell, J. M., Calma-Birling, D., & Decety, J. (2017). The developmental social
neuroscience of prosocial thought and behavior. Current Opinions in Psychology.
This is the first developmental neuroscience article to explicitly differentiate between different aspects of empathy neutrally in children. In particular, we find differences when children see another individual in pain and are asked to consider how much pain they are feeling (cognitive empathy) and when children are asked how sorry they feel for that individual (empathic concern/sympathy). These two processes work on different timescales in the preschool child’s brain. Interestingly, preschool children’s neural responses of empathic concern and sympathy are related to their parents’ own empathy.
Decety, J., Meidenbauer, K., & Cowell, J. M. (2017). The development of cognitive empathy and concern in preschool children: A behavioral neuroscience investigation. Developmental Science.
Together with Jean Decety (U of Chicago), we argue for the primacy of perceiving harm as a fundamental component of morality. Recent evidence from social neuroscience highlights the shift from the basic aspect of perceiving potential harm to the self (something infants are capable of) towards a mapping of this harm-to-self understanding towards harm-to-other. This transition, coupled with the development of perspective-taking, attention, and self-control lead to adult-like moral judgments.
Decety, J. & Cowell, J. M. (2017). Interpersonal harm aversion as a necessary foundation for morality: A developmental neuroscience perspective. Development & Psychopathology.
We examined the effectiveness of a newly developed studying method, Flashcards-Plus, in order to help students increase their retention, comprehension, and application of the material.
Senzaki, S., Hackathorn, J., Appleby, D. C., & Gurung, R. A.R. (in press). Reinventing
flashcards to increase student learning. Psychology Learning and Teaching.