Masculinity and Guilt Perception

—We hypothesized subjects that were more masculine were more likely to be suspected of masculine crimes.  Same with feminine subjects and feminine crimes.

Surveyed participants with mug shots of men and women of varying masculinity on suspicion of subjects’ guilt of stated crime.

Found that female subjects were more likely to be suspected of feminine crimes and masculine subjects of male crimes.  Marginal significance of feminine subjects suspected of feminine crimes, and masculine subjects suspected of masculine crimes.

Feminine or masculine females were more suspicious than moderate females.  Moderate males were perceived as more suspicious than those with masculine or feminine features”

 

 

Study Habits of College Students

Hypothesis- College students study better (as seen through a memory test) without background music.

Method- Study conducted with one group exposed to music while studying a list of words and the other group not exposed to music while studying a list of words.

Results- We found significant difference between the two groups, with the group not exposed to music remembering more words on average.

Irrelevant speech on short term memory

After reviewing research on irrelevant speech’s impact on short term memory, we predicted that irrelevant speech would have a significant impact on participants ability to recall images previously shown to them. Based on this research we decided to test this by having two groups of participants view a slideshow that presented them with 15 images that they were asked to recall later. For one group there was no distraction in place, for the other group we paired each image with an unrelated word. Analysis  of the results supported our hypothesis by showing a significant difference in the number of words recalled when no irrelevant speech was present compared to when it was.

PowerPoint Lecture: Note Taking as a Desirable Difficulty

Based on previous research we predict that limited-text participants who note take the lectured material will score higher than the limited-text participants who did not note take. Participants were split between full-text and limited-text handouts, viewed and listened to a PowerPoint presentation and were then given a 14-question quiz on the material presented. Results showed that those who wrote the lectured material in the limited-text condition scored significantly higher than those who chose not to write the material.

 

Influences on a Jury Verdict

This study focused on whether or not a defendant testified on their own behalf had an influence on how guilty the jury members believed they were. It was predicted that when a defendant testified, they would be seen as less guilty.  Participants were asked to watch two videos: one of the prosecution and then either a video of the defendant testifying or a video of a defense lawyer presenting the information. Afterwards, a survey was handed out to determine how guilty the participants thought the defendant was. However, no significant results were found from the study.

The Impact of Mood on the Memory of College Students

We hypothesized that those in a more positive mood would be able to recall more positive words, likewise, those in a negative mood would be able to recall more negative words. Our experiment involved our participants watching a short video clip that we had previously identified as positive or
negative. They were then asked to recall as many words as they could from a list of 30, which again had been rated as either positive or negative.

We tallied the number of positive and negative words that each participant was able to recall, and we did not find a significant difference.

Perceptions of Relationship Status Based on Clothing

In this study, we created an online survey regarding perceived relationship status and clothing choice. We found there was no significance between clothing and relationship status, except for the perceived effort put into a relationship, which was greatly significant. This means people consider a person putting more effort into their relationship as someone who is dressed nicely.

Does word choice significantly influence the way one feels?

43 participants were randomly divided into two equal groups. They completed a Differential Emotions Scale prior to hearing the phrases for their group and then had one of the two sets of phrases read aloud to them with a flat affect. After the phrases were read aloud, the participants completed the questionnaire again, were debriefed, and exited the room. We predicted that postive and negative words and phrases would have similar effects on mood. We also predicted that the negative words would have a larger impact. We measured the amount of change in mood each participant reported by comparing the data between the before and after questionnaires and were able to confirm both hypotheses.

Empathy Towards Schizophrenia Study – Abstract

In our research, we measured individual’s attitudes and empathy towards people with Schizophrenia based on either watching an educational film or a non-educational film.  Both groups took a brief survey that measured levels of comfort and perception of danger towards those with Schizophrenia.  Each group only viewed one of the films, and then answered the five survey questions measuring our objective. The results were then compared on the basis of which film instilled better attitudes and empathy.  To find our results, we ran five independent samples t-test. One test was run per question. Four of the questions were found to be significantly significant, while one of them was found to be statistically not significant. From these results, we were able to deduce a few conclusions. First, the educational film clearly did a better job of instilling comfort and knowledge within the participants. On the other hand, the non-educational film instilled in the participants a belief that those with Schizophrenia are violent.