The Evidence is Clear: The Science Behind Media Violence

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In this episode Dr. Ryan Martin conducts a special interview with Dr. Craig Anderson, Distinguished Professor in the Department of Psychology at Iowa State University. The two discuss the massive body of research on violent media.

Episode Guest: Dr. Craig Anderson

craig andersonDr. Anderson is widely considered a leading scholar on the psychology of aggression. His research in recent years has focused on media violence effects, especially violent video games. His aggression research has appeared in all of the top psychology journals, including the top public policy journal. He is currently funded by multiple grants from CDC and the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD). His work has had a major impact on public policy at local, state, national and international levels.

Society Prepares the Crime: Capitalism and Violence

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In this episode, Drs. Ryan Martin and Chuck Rybak, talk with Sociologist, Dr. Andrew Austin, about the complicated relationship between capitalism and violence.

Episode Guest: Dr. Andrew Austin

andrew austinAndrew Austin is Associate Professor and Chair of Democracy and Justice Studies and Sociology at the University of Wisconsin-Green Bay. He teaches courses in Criminal Justice, Legal Studies, and Sociology. His areas of teaching and research are crime and justice issues, political economy, and race and ethnic relations.

Combat Their Negative Tendencies: Free Will, Anger, and Aggression

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In this episode, to start off the semester, Ryan and Chuck talk with Philosopher, Dr. Christopher Martin about what determinism is, how it is different from free will, and much more.

Episode Guest: Dr. Christopher Martin

christopher-martinDr. Christopher Martin teaches a wide range of classes, but particularly enjoys courses helping students to ask and investigate deep questions about the nature of reality, identity, free will, and science. He specializes in the ‘rationalist’ perspective in early-modern philosophy (roughly, philosophy between 1650-1770 or so). He is currently working on an account of the reality of particulars (things like you and I) in Spinoza (an early modern rationalist). In addition to courses and work in early modern rationalism, he enjoys exploring the intersection of morality and the environment–the central topic of his Environmental Ethics course. When he is not hard at work on philosophy or helping students sharpen their rational capacities, he is likely enjoying traveling and the outdoors. He loves to combine the two and especially enjoys kayaking.

Human Trafficking: Attack the System

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In the final episode of season 2 of All the Rage, we talk about how to eradicate human trafficking at the international, national, statewide, and local level. More specifically, we talk about what you can do to help end modern day slavery. Guests include Stephanie Richard (Coalition to Abolish Slavery and Trafficking), Shawn MacDonald (Verite), and Terry FitzPatrick (Free the Slaves).

Additional Information:

Episode Guests:

  • Stephanie Richard

thumbnail_headshot2016StephanieStephanie Kay Richard, Esq., is the Policy & Legal Services Director at the Coalition to Abolish Slavery and Trafficking (CAST) where she provides direct legal services to survivors of human trafficking and technical consultation on human trafficking cases nationwide. She has been involved in the anti-trafficking movement for over 10 years. During this time she has served as the domestic lead for the Alliance to End Slavery & Trafficking (ATEST) and the policy Co-Chair of the Freedom Network, USA, two national US based coalitions working to improve federal and state laws and the implementation of these laws to better serve trafficking survivors in the United States. She graduated summa cum laude from American University, Washington College of Law, where she was the recipient of a public interest/public service scholarship. She is licensed to practice law in California, Maryland, Minnesota, and Washington, DC.

  • Shawn MacDonald

Shawn MacDonald is CEO of Verité, a civil society organization that works with businesses to promote workers’ rights and other sustainability goals in global supply chains through research, consulting, training, assessments, and policy advocacy. Before his appointment as CEO in 2016, Shawn had led Verité’s research, program, and policy work since 2003. Shawn has broad international and domestic experience in labor rights, corporate social responsibility, social entrepreneurship, workplace health, and multi-sector partnerships. Before joining Verité, he was Director of Accreditation at the Fair Labor Association, Vice President of Ashoka: Innovators for the Public, Senior Advisor at Meridian Group International, and co-founder of the Development and Employment Policy Project. Additionally, he worked for a variety of civil society organizations in Asia, Africa, and Eastern Europe. He holds a Ph.D. from George Mason University’s School for Conflict Analysis and Resolution and an AB in History from Harvard University.

  • Terry Fitzpatric

Terry FitzPatrick (1) thumbnail

Terry FitzPatrick is the Free the Slaves Communications and Advocacy Director and is an award-winning journalist and media development expert who uses his reporting skills to expose slavery and showcase anti-slavery solutions, his experience covering government & politics to conduct anti-trafficking policy advocacy, and his communications training skills to help activists bring slavery to an end. FitzPatrick has covered a wide range of topics for NPR, PBS, BBC, VOA, The Dallas Morning News and The Texas Observer, including economic development, global health, environmental protection, criminal justice and human rights. He has produced documentaries for the Discovery Channel and History Channel, and short films on modern slavery in 12 countries. FitzPatrick has directed media skills training projects in 17 countries. He serves as the communications and advocacy strategist, chief writer, media relations officer and spokesperson for Free the Slaves. He majored in broadcast journalism at the University of Wisconsin – Madison.

Resources:

Responsible Sourcing Tool
Know the Chain
Department of Health and Human Services
National Human Trafficking Hotline: (1) 888-373-7888
Freedom Network USA
Polaris
Alliance to End Slavery and Trafficking (ATEST)

Media’s Influence on One’s Perception of Violence and Mental Illness

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1682602_1280x720Both news and entertainment media show people with mental illness as dangerous, violent, or unpredictable. Many of the individuals who commit these crimes are presumed to have a mental illness and this in turn perpetuates the social stigma that all people with a mental illness are violent or dangerous. Before some of the most recent and deadly mass shootings including the 2016 Pulse Nightclub shooting in Orlando, the 2017 Las Vegas shooting at am outdoor concert, and the 2017 First Baptist Church shooting in Texas, The Virginia Tech shootings was one of the deadliest shootings to date. Taking place in 2007 and ending with 32 dead and 15 wounded, the shooter was perceived to have had a mental illness that caused him to commit this crime.

Hoffner and colleagues conducted a study that examined the perceived influence of news coverage of the Virginia Tech shootings on one’s own and others’ attitudes about mental illness, and behavioral outcomes as a function of personal experience with mental illness. They utilized an online survey of 198 adults within about one month of the shootings. Individuals without a mental illness, the perceived news influence on their own attitudes toward mental illness was associated with more engagement in support/comfort activities and greater likelihood of online opinion expression. In contrast, individuals with a mental illness, perceiving that others attitudes had become more negative was associated with less engagement in support/comfort activities. Respondents with no experience of mental illness reported greater stereotypes about mental illness and less willingness to seek treatment and they expressed more fear and less anger than those who had experience with mental illness.

Me (2)Mackenzie is a senior majoring in Psychology and minoring in Human Development and Sociology. After graduating from the University of Wisconsin-Green Bay in May 2018, she plans on going to graduate school for Social Work.

 

 

Hoffner, C. A., Fujioka, Y., Cohen, E. L., & Atwell Seate, A. (2017). Perceived media influence, mental illness, and responses to news coverage of a mass shooting. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 6(2), 159-173. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ppm0000093

Human Trafficking: A Topic that Gets a Reaction Out of People

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In this fifth episode of season 2 of All the Rage, we talk human trafficking in popular culture with Dr. Bryan Carr, host of Serious Fun. From Taken to The Punisher to The Girl Who Played with Fire, we discuss the various ways modern day slavery has found its way into the popular culture and how these depictions influence the public.

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Organization: Free the Slaves

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Free the Slaves was founded in 2000—and today we are considered a leader and pioneer in the modern abolitionist movement. We have helped awaken the world to the fact that slavery still exists, why it does, and where it’s worst. We’ve developed a global blueprint for change to inform governments, international institutions, faith communities, businesses, and the public what they can do. We’re now implementing our community-based strategy in strategically selected countries, demonstrating that our model works and that it is both scalable and replicable. Our groundbreaking research and rigorous evaluation informs our policy advocacy to strengthen anti-slavery laws and rid slavery from manufacturing supply chains and business practices.

We help communities chart their own path toward sustainable freedom based on their unique needs and circumstances. We strengthen the capacity of grassroots organizations, government agencies, advocacy coalitions, and the media to take action. We support vulnerable communities through education, mobilization, and increasing access to education, vocational training, and essential services. We rescue those in slavery and help them rejoin their families and communities. We record and share success stories so the world can see what both slavery and freedom look like. And we systematically assess our work to ensure accountability and continuously improve our programs. Free the Slaves co-implements all community projects with and through locally-based organizations.

Our model delivers results. Since our founding, we have liberated more than 13,000 people from slavery.

Does Commitment Promote Forgiveness?

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landscape-1454349521-marriage-fightStrong commitment in one’s relationships promotes positive mental events and forgiveness.  This is according to a 2002 study by Finkel and colleagues from Carnegie Mellon University.  They defined commitment as the intent to persist or the decision to remain dependent on the partner. Betrayal, meanwhile, is arguably one of the hardest things to forgive in any relationship. When people are betrayed, they often find it difficult to withdraw from the negative emotions that accompany the act.

Finkel and colleagues conducted three separate studies to explore the relationship between commitment and forgiveness: (1) a priming experiment, (2) a cross-sectional survey study, and (3) an interaction record study. . The authors believed that there would be a positive association between commitment and forgiveness and Study 1 found that individuals, who are highly committed to their partners, are more likely to forgive acts of betrayal. Study 2 and 3 looked at if mental events would bring about the association between commitment and behavior. Study 2 found that highly committed individuals had more positive immediate and delayed behaviors, immediate and delayed cognitive interpretations, and delayed emotional reactions however they had more negative emotional reactions. Study 3 demonstrated that when individuals are highly committed, even in acts of betrayal, they are more likely to look at the act with more positive emotion, cognition, and behavior. They also found that, the association of commitment with forgiveness was significantly affected by both cognitive interpretations and emotional reactions to the betrayal.

Me (2)Mackenzie is a senior majoring in Psychology and minoring in Human Development and Sociology. After graduating from the University of Wisconsin-Green Bay in May 2018, she plans on going to graduate school for Social Work.

 

 

Finkel, E. J., Rusbult, C. E., Kumashiro, M., & Hannon, P. A. (2002). Dealing with betrayal in close relationships: Does commitment promote forgiveness? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82(6), 956-974. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.82.6.956